Daffodil Growing Guide – How To Get Great Results
Growing daffodils is one of the best projects for a new gardener who wants to grow beautiful flowers without having to be an expert. All you need for growing daffodils is fertile soil and healthy daffodil bulbs. You can even grow daffodils in containers if you don’t have any garden space.
This daffodil growing guide for beginners is for newbies that would like to have beautiful daffodils in their gardens but don’t know where to start. It really is easy to grow daffodils if you know how.
Many beginners make simple mistakes when planting daffodil bulbs and never try to grow them again. The information on this page will teach you the basics of growing daffodils so you can avoid most of the trial and error and enjoy a spring flower garden that will be the envy of your neighborhood.
Plant Your Daffodil Bulbs At The Proper Time For Your Area
Planting At The Right Time Will Ensure Success
Daffodils are perennial bulbs that should be planted in autumn after the nights are cool but before the ground freezes. A good rule of thumb is to plant daffodil bulbs when the leaves begin to fall in your area. Most autumn-planted bulbs need what is called a chilling period in order to bloom in the spring. That means the best planting time for daffodils is September to November in most of the Northern Hemisphere. In hotter areas like the gulf coast region, you can wait until December or even early January.
Trumpet and Large-Cupped daffodils will always perform better in an area that has at least two months of winter weather. If you live on the Gulf Coast or other warm winter regions you can plant daffodils from the tazetta and jonquilla divisions. These are cluster-flowered narcissus bulbs that don’t need a cold period to bloom every year.
Daffodils Need Sun
But Not Too Much!
Daffodils will grow in full sun to partial shade. In hotter climates, they will tolerate a little more shade. In areas with colder springs, they need at least a half day of sun.
The bulbs are often planted underneath deciduous trees in a woodland setting. Bulbs planted this way will get plenty of sun in the late winter and early spring when they are actively growing. By the time the trees leaf out the bulbs will be going into dormancy.
Bulbs shouldn’t be planted under shallow-rooted trees or they’ll be competing for nutrients and moisture. Also, never plant bulbs under a walnut tree. They have chemicals in their roots that will kill anything you plant in their vicinity.
Good Soil Ensures Good Conditions For Growing Daffodils
Prepare Your Garden Before You Plant Your Bulbs
Daffodils grow best in a neutral to slightly acidic sandy loam type of soil. If your soil is clay you’ll need to loosen and amend it before planting your bulbs.
Heavy clay soil will need to be dug to a depth of at least 8 inches. A foot is better if you can manage it.
The best way to guarantee success in clay soil is to create a raised bed by digging in organic matter such as composted leaves. Don’t add acidic materials like peat or cottonseed meal.
If you have really heavy soil that doesn’t drain well you can add coarse sand or vermiculite. Make sure to use coarse or sharp sand and not the fine sand that’s labeled “play sand.”
Plant Your Daffodil Bulbs At The Proper Depth
The Deeper You Can Plant Daffodils, The Better
Daffodil bulbs should be planted two to three times as deep as their circumference. In other words, if the bulb is three inches around it should be planted 6-9 inches deep. Smaller species or miniature types should be planted about 4-5 inches deep.
There are several ways to handle a large planting of flowering bulbs. Of course, you could dig an individual hole for each bulb but this time consuming and potentially back-wrenching. The method I prefer is to dig a larger hole or a small wide trench and plant several bulbs of the same variety. Make sure to give each bulb room to multiply. Don’t let them touch each other. When you’ve finished planting the entire bed you can fill the holes with soil.
Note: Remember to plant bulbs pointy side up!
You Need To Feed Your Daffodil Bulbs When They Get Hungry
Daffodils Love Trace Minerals
Daffodil bulbs are heavy feeders of potassium and trace minerals. Feeding them too much nitrogen will produce lots of lush foliage and very few flowers. Many gardeners like to use bone meal to fertilize bulbs but it is an incomplete fertilizer and it may attract dogs and wild animals to your garden.
If you have amended your soil with compost you probably don’t need to fertilize your bulbs the first year. In the second year, you can fertilize with bulb food that is low in nitrogen.
Covering your flower beds with good organic mulch will keep your daffodil bulbs growing strong for years.
Organic Bulb Food For Growing Daffodils
Daffodils Bloom Better With Yearly Feedings
While it’s not absolutely necessary to feed your daffodil bulbs at planting time I have found that I get better results when I add bulb food to the bottom of the planting hole. After the first year daffodil bulbs will definitely have fewer blooms if they aren’t fed yearly in my experience. I only use organic products in my garden and this balanced organic bulb food will give your bulbs all the nutrition they need.
You May Need to Divide Your Daffodil Bulbs In A Few Years
Daffodil Bulbs Multiply Rapidly And May Become Crowded
If you’ve planted your daffodil bulbs in a more formal setting you may need to divide them two to three years after planting. When they become crowded narcissus bulbs will produce fewer flowers. You can dig them up and divide them and plant the extra ones somewhere else in your yard or share them with friends. If you’ve grown a valuable or rare variety you may even be able to sell them!
If you’ve planted your flowering bulbs in an informal woodland area you may want to leave them alone. Daffodils are very susceptible to fluctuations in weather. If you have a hot dry spring or a late hard freeze, you probably won’t see as many flowers that year. Even if they do become crowded the new bulbs will mature and bloom within a year or two.
Mixed Daffodil Bulbs
Large Bags Of Mixed Bulbs Can Quickly Fill A New Garden With Colorful Blooms
For the beginning gardener, large bags of mixed bulbs can be a quick and easy way to cover a large area with flowering bulbs. Although mixed bulbs are probably not the best choice for a formal flower border they can be a great choice if you just want to have plenty of flowers to cut and bring inside. The mixture of different varieties means you will have blooms over a long period.
After You’ve Planted your Daffodils It’s Time To Sit Back And Wait For The Show
If You’ve Followed These Simple Tips Your Bulbs Will Bloom For Years To Come
I hope my daffodil growing guide for beginners has convinced you to give growing daffodils a try in your own garden. It takes a little work to get daffodil bulbs in the ground but once they are planted the work is over and the fun can begin.
You’ve probably seen daffodils growing on the roadside or near a long-abandoned country home and wondered what kind of magic allows daffodils to thrive unattended for so long. You don’t need magic or any particular talent to grow daffodils that will live for many years. A bed of daffodils that have been well-located and cared for properly will bloom for many years, and probably for decades to come.
Don’t be surprised if you start looking for places to tuck in a few bulbs every year. I hope I have convinced you that planting daffodil bulbs is not something a beginner should be afraid of. You’re about to discover how addictive growing daffodils can be.